Mediterranean diet reduces rate of bone loss in individuals with osteoporosis, a new study analysis suggests. The type of diet could be good for bone health.
A European trial of approximately 1,150 people showed that seniors who followed a Mediterranean-like diet for 12 months experienced a much slower rate of hip bone loss than peers who didn’t follow the diet.
Osteoporosis is a disease where increased bone weakness affects the structure and strength of bones and makes fractures more likely, especially in the spine, hip, and wrists.
This gives an additional positive touch to the health benefits of the Mediterranean diet which includes vegetables, fruits, nuts, fish, wholegrains, and olive oil.
This new trial is now published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.
The study led by the University of Bologna in Italy formed one group of over 1,000 volunteers, aged 65–79, living in Italy, Poland, the United Kingdom, France, and the Netherlands.
One group of participants was asked to follow a “Mediterranean-like diet” for a particular duration while other did not.
The results found that the Mediterranean-like diet didn’t show up any effect on the participants with normal bone density while it had reduced the rate of bone loss in individuals with osteoporosis.
The Mediterranean-like diet had little or no effect on the participants whose bone density was normal, while in individuals with osteoporosis, the diet showed a reduction in the rate of their bone loss.
“So the fact that we were able to see a marked difference between the groups even in just this one area is significant,” study co-author Susan J. Fairweather-Tait, a professor at the University of East Anglia’s Norwich Medical School in the U.K. explains.
“A Mediterranean diet is already proven to have other health benefits, reducing the risk of cardiovascular disease, Parkinson’s, Alzheimer’s, and cancer,” Susan adds.