Canadian lawmakers legalize marijuana for both medical and recreational purposes nationwide. On Tuesday, Canada’s upper house of parliament approved as landmark legislation under Bill C-45, also known as the Cannabis Act to fully legalize marijuana.
Following Uruguay, Canada has now become the second wealthy nation in the world to fully legalize cannabis. However, already nine states have legalized marijuana for recreational purposes and 9 states have allowed it for medicinal use.
Canadian and local governments are expected to need two to three months before other parts of the law can pass and retail sales.
Under the legislation, Canadian adults are allowed to publically use up to 30 grams of dried cannabis and plant up to four cannabis plants at home and prepare products for personal use. Besides, dried cannabis and cannabis oil will be available at the end of 2018.
The age criteria in Canada to legally buy and consume pot will be set at 18. However, the bill permits territories to increase the minimum age.
Canadian Justice Minister Jody Wilson-Raybould called the act a “historic milestone” that will come into effect Oct. 17.
“This is an historic milestone for progressive policy in Canada as we shift our approach to cannabis,” Wilson-Raybould said Tuesday night. “This legislation will help protect our youth from the risks of cannabis while keeping profits out of the hands of criminals and organized crime.”
“It’s been too easy for our kids to get marijuana — and for criminals to reap the profits,” Trudeau continued. “Today, we change that. Our plan to legalize and regulate marijuana just passed the Senate.”